OBERDA, Stefania, wife
OBERDA. Longin, son
OBERDA, Wladyslaw, son
OBERMILLER, Henryka (1905-)
Henryka resided with her
husband Herman and a small daughter Iwonka in Warsaw. Herman was
active in the underground and for security reasons dwelt elsewhere.
Adam and his wife Eugenia Goldberg, from Radom fled in 1942 to Warsaw.
They came to Henryka asking for shelter. First they stayed with the
Obermiller family. Then Henryka provided them with false documents
and placed them at Zbojna Gora near Warsaw. She maintained close
contact with them taking care of their interests. Salomon Wiener
was in the ghetto; he had had business relations with Goldberg before the
war. Salomon had a daughter, Guta Frydman with her husband and small
son. Henryka visited them in the ghetto, passing through the court
building on Leszno Street, providing them with food and money. At the request
of Salomon, Henryka led his grandson out through the same court building.
She planned to extract from the ghetto also his mother, Guta, but the latter
was taken to the Treblinka camp. For security's sake Henryka organized
for him an operation to liquidate the signs of the circumcision by two
Jewish doctors. She took him to Zielonka, near Warsaw and placed him in
her apartment, in which she harbored also a Jewish teacher from Kalisz,
F. L., with her mother, providing them also with proper documentation.
After the war Henryka found the boy's father in England and returned him
his son to that country. The Goldbergs wrote in 1954 a beautiful
letter thanking for all the care and devotion they experienced during the
war from the Obermillers. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
OCHALSKI, Przemyslaw (1914-)
OCHALSKI, Krystyna (1922-)
born KROLIKIEWICZ, wife
The Ochalskis were residents
of Piotrkow Trybunalski. In that town the Germans organized the first
ghetto in Poland, to which they brought Jews from nearby towns, so that
in 1942 the ghetto counted 25.000 people. There was a scarcity of
living quarters, due to the heavy devastation of 1939. Also, the
Volksdeutch community (there were 6533 of them in that area in 1940) was
eager to occupy the Jewish shops and houses. In October 1942 during
the liquidation of that ghetto, two Jewish girls escaped from it: Bronia
Zaks and Franka Berksztejn and came to the Ochalskis, as one of them was
Krystyna's schoolmate. Franka still had family in Czestochowa and
they wanted to go there. Krystyna gave them her garments and Przemyslaw
drove them to their destination. After the war Franka went to Australia
and Renia to Israel. In 1985 Renia Zachs' husband, a Profesor in
Haifa, invited the Ochalskis to their home for saving his wife's life.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
OCZYNSKI, Agnieszka, wife
OCZYNSKI, Jan (1835-1996)
OCZYNSKI, Mieczyslaw (1914-)
Father and son resided in
Sambor, Lvov prov. Jan was a railway engineer and Mieczyslaw graduated
from the Lvov Conservatory of Music. The Germans deported from the
Sambor ghetto many Jews to the Belzec extermination camp, others to the
Janowski camp or killed them on the spot. In the house next to the
Oczynskis there hid a Jewish woman from Drohobycz, Amalia Mudrycki.
She asked Mieczyslaw to shelter a family from that town. Jan with
his father's assent, took into their home the physician, Dr. Maksymilian
Getlinger, his wife Leontyna, their son-in-law, also a physician, Dr. Alfred
Herzig, and their maid Rachela, and treated them as members of the family.
On the request of Dr. Getlinger, Mieczyslaw went to Drohobycz and led from
the ghetto a 10 years old boy, Adam, and brought him home. The Gettlingers
later adopted the boy. In comparison with all the stories related
up to now, the refugees had exceptionally good conditions. The apartment
was heated; they were not hungry and could often take a bath. At night
they strolled in the yard. Mieczyslaw provided them with books from
the library, with German newspapers and played for them the violin.
He often drove to his father's brother to the country, Uherce, where he
worked in the fields to earn food for all these people. The uncle,
not knowing about the people sheltered by his brother and nephew, wondered
why the latter took with him so much food. Mieczyslaw visited there
the Ochowicz's farm, where two Jewish sisters, Basia and Ewa Schreiber,
were also hidden. When Basia fell ill, Mieczyslaw took her into his
home and under the care of Dr. Herzig she recovered and was returned to
her hiding place. Amalia Mudrycki was also forced to accept the Oczynskis'
hospitality. All survived and left Poland. But the fate of
the two Jewish girls, who were provided with "Aryan" papers and went to
Warsaw, is unknown. The Getlingers maintained contact with the Oczynskis
for many years. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
OGNIEWSKI, Irena see JORASZ,
(JAROSZ ?) Bogdan, husband
OGONOWSKI, Irena, daughter
OGONOWSKI, Stefan, son
OGONOWSKI, Wladyslaw, son`
These farmers, together with
the Dudas (q.v.) harbored ten (10) Jews in the Kielce prov. The fugitives
stayed for 20 months in a bunker under the barn, the entrance to which
was covered with branches. A pregnant woman went into labor.
To cover her screams the Ogonowskis banged pots and pans and moved furniture
to and fro, as nearby stationed the Russian General Vlasov, whose units
collaborated with the Germans. Some supposedly Polish partisans (Ukrainian
and Belo Russian partisans spoke also Polish and could be easily mistaken
for being Polish) raided the farm, killed Wladyslaw and wounded Stefan.
When they departed, Franciszka, rushed to the hideout to reassure the Jews,
saying, "It was God's will!" See: Paldiel, op. cit.
Stanislawa see CHMIELEWSKI, Michalina, mother
OJRZANOWSKI, Janina &
Maria see OYRZANOWSKI, J. & M.
OKNIANSKI, Maria, wife
OKON-POLANSKI, Jozefa see
POLANSKI, Stanislawa, sister?
OLBRYSKI, Wanda (1888?-1985)
Wanda was a young actress
in Warsaw when Hitler invaded Poland Sept. 1, 1939.
Her husband, a member of
the Polish underground, perished in Auschwitz in 1942. Nevertheless
Wanda is credited with saving 20 Jewish men, women and children, who now
have ca. 40 offspring. Wanda and her deceased brother, Tadeusz Fice
(q.v.) concealed Jews and resistance fighters in a bunker under their house
near Warsaw for more than two years. In 1982 the Beth Emeth-Bais
Yehuda Congregation in Toronto, Canada, honored both, as well as Yad Vashem
which recognized them as "Righteous" the same year. She received
a special commendation from Moshe Bejski, chairman of the Israeli Commission
for the Designation of the Righteous. She got letters, etc. from
her protégés from Israel and several other countries.
She said in an interview: "It was from the heart. I just thought
I was supposed to do it. I didn't think about it. I just did
One of her friends, also
saved by other Poles, Miriam Ogniewicz, who under the pen name of Maria
Halina Horn wrote a book" Memoirs of a Jewess" wrote: "As the Warsaw ghetto
battle is commemorated and the horror revived, the world must be reminded
that thousands of Wandas helped Jews". See: the articles in the Canadian
press: The Toronto Sun, Jan. 26, 1985 by Dick Chapman and The Canadian
Jewish News, by David Birkan.
see MALEK, Jan, brother?
OLIZAR, Wladyslaw (1908-1982)
OLIZAR, Jadwiga, born JANKOWSKI
The Jewish couple Lazar,
and Irena E. escaped from the Lvov ghetto in 1943 warned by the Gestapo
man, Kramer, that the end of the Jews approached. There were only
500 of them left in the ghetto. The couple reached Warsaw and learned
that Mother Matylda Getter, superior of the congregation of St. Mary's
Family, was helping Jews. Irena E. went to her and told her that
she was a Jew and got work through her as a maid at the estate of Szeligi
II near Warsaw. Its owner was Kazimiera Jawornicki who died shortly
after her arrival. The manager of the estate was her son, Count Wladyslaw
Olizar and his wife Jadwiga, née Jankowski. There lived also
Jadwiga's sister Alexandra, married to the engineer Stanislaw Zaryn (q.v.).
Both couples had children, some of which were in their teens. All
of them knew that Irena was Jewish and treated her very well. When
they realized that the maid's work was too hard for her, they proposed
to Irena that she become the governess of Alexandra's children. Wladyslaw
found a place for Irena's husband on a nearby farm. The housekeeper
of the owners of the farm, Halina Pesko, took part in helping in the care
of the Jewish couple. A delegation of the estate workers asked the
count to get rid of Irena, feeling that their safety was compromised by
the presence of a Jewish person. The count refused, telling them
"I alone will be responsible for what will happen". They accepted
his words, and kept quiet. Irena stayed with them till January 20,
1944, when both families were forced to leave the estate due to the agricultural
reform imposed by the new Communist regime in Poland. Irena E. and
her husband maintained heartfelt contacts with the Olizars couple via letters
and thoughtful, meaningful gifts. Yad Vashem recognized the Olizars
and the Zaryns as "Righteous among the Nations" on January 29, 1998.
However, only Jadwiga Olizar, ill and in her 80's- could come to the ceremony
in Warsaw honoring the four of them on Jan 14, 1999. Case No. 7521,
started in 1995.
OLSZEWSKI, Maria (not related)
OLSZEWSKI, Henryk, son
OLSZEWSKI, Janina, daughter
(or Henryk's wife)
OLSZEWSKI, Leon, son
OLDAK, Apolonia, wife
The Oldak couple resided
at Dzierzoniow, near Krasnik, Lublin prov. In October 1942, the Germans
transferred some Jews from Dzierzoniow to Krasnik, and killed the others
in the forest. Apolonia found among the murdered an 8 months old
baby girl. She took her home and kept her in spite of the neighbors'
insistence that she get rid of the Jewish child. Aleksader died in
1950 and Apolonia left with her adopted orphan, Basia, for Israel in 1958.
Basia married there and has two sons; Apolonia is treated as the mother
and grandmother. See Greenberg, op. cit. and Isakiewicz, op. cit.
ONOSKI, Jadwiga, see USZCZANOWSKI,
OPEL, Irena, wife
ORCZYKOWSKI, Jozefa, wife
ORCZYKOWSKI, Zenon, son
ORLIK, Kazimierz, son
Anna with her baby fled from
Modlin eastward before the German onslaught. She planned to stay
with her sister, Gertruda Gorowicz at Borszczowo Tarnopol prov. Toward
the end of 1941 there came to them for shelter two sisters, Bella Hessing
and Lola, who remained with them till the end of the occupation.
Anna dissuaded them to return to the ghetto, although they did not have
any resources. The two girls remained with them through the occupation,
went to the Western territories of Poland and emigrated after a few years.
Anna and Gertruda aided other Borszczowo Jews by organizing for them medical
help, false documents, or brief sojourns in their home. Not all survived;
some were denounced or murdered later by Ukrainian nationalists.
Gertruda does not seem to be recognized as "Righteous" See: Grynberg, op.
ORLOWSKI, Marta (not related)
ORLOWSKI, Zygmunt (not related)
ORLOWSKI, Marianna, sister
see SNIADECKI-ORNATOWSKI, Z.
Oseka participated in the
rescue of some important Ghetto Uprising heroes. For the story see:
Swital, Stanislaw, Dr. (19000-1982) physician
OSIECKI, Aleksander, priest
OSIEWICZ, Jan (1917-)
Jan came from the estate
of Kozaryna, Krasnystaw district. He took part in the September campaign
(1939). He worked as an electrician at Starachowice and in Krasnystaw.
There he befriended Jakub Knobl who in August 1940 found himself with his
family in the ghetto. In October 1942 the Germans transferred the
Jews from Krasnystaw to the Izbica ghetto. Jan visited there his
friends. Jakub Knobl refused aid, not willing to part with his family.
Jan organized false documentation for his wife Aniela and her departure
for work to Germany. Estera, the sister of Jakub came also to Jan
for help. The latter rented an apartment for her at Krupe and later
took her into his home. He also cared for the Honigman family of
four people, placing them with a farmer, Karol Olecha, at Wielkopole.
Thus seven (7) persons were saved from certain death. See: Grynberg,
OSIKA, Katarzyna, wife
Roza Hajman stated that in
1942 her father went to the village of Kuchary seeking shelter for his
family of six (6) persons. Before the deportation of the Jews from
Brzesko Nowe, Stanislaw Osika came for them and took them to his home,
hidden under a load of hay on his cart. They were concealed in his
home till 1945. His son, also Stanislaw, took particular care of
them. Yad Vashem recognized the Osika couple as "Righteous" and it
was honored in Cracow, on Oct. 16, 1999. The son Stanislaw was not
OSIKIEWICZ, Andrzej, priest
As a parish priest in Boryslaw,
aged 43, he urged his parishioners to help the persecuted Jews. For
this he was sent to the Majdanek camp where he died on Dec. 29, 1943.
See: Zajaczkowski, op. cit.
OSINSKI, Julia, wife
OSINSKI, Bogdan, son
OSINSKI, Wieslaw, son
OSSOWSKI, Zofia see BOCZKOWSKI,
OSTEP, Leokadia, see SIWEK,
OSTROWSKI, Maria, wife
OSTROWSKI, Janina (not related)
OSTROWSKI, Barbara daughter
OSTROWSKI, Krystyna, daughter
The three sisters from a
bourgeois family who did not have much contact with Jews before the war,
all teenagers (16-19) took under their care Wanda Samstein-Feuerman, whom
they met at a summer resort at Chylice, in August 1943. Barbara found
a place for her at their mother Janina, where she stayed herself.
This house belonged to the girls' aunt, Brunona Siedlinski (q.v.).
The aunt did not know at first that Wanda was Jewish, but did not throw
her out when she learned the truth. According to Wanda's words,
"to this day she is my dearest aunt, although I have authentic ones."
She described the three girls as very unusual, very brave, very unselfish.
They studied in underground, carried ammunitions, leaflets and protected
"their" Jewess, trying to spare her any bad news. By their sense
of humor and nonchalance they made her forget the sad experiences she had
had before. "I liked to come to their place after the war where I
was almost happy in those terrible times." See: Bartoszewski &
Lewin, op. cit.
(not related) see
OSTROWSKI, Nina (not related)
OSTROWSKI, Stanislaw (not
OSTROWSKI, Marianna, wife
OSTROWSKI, Witold (not related)
OSTROWSKI, Bronislawa, (Boleslawa?)
see LANGIEWICZ-OSZEROWSKI, W.
Janina (1918-) scholar
OYRZANOWSKI, Maria (1922-)
who lost all her family deported to Treblinka from the Warsaw ghetto, escaped
from it in 1942 to the "Aryan" side. She had neither resources nor
documents. Polish acquaintances, who could not keep her for good,
helped her passing her from one to the other: Zofia Palczynski, Eugenia
Drabik-Witkowski, her mother Michalina Drabik, Franciszka Kutner, Mrs.
Sommer, Klementyna Porowski, altogether 45 people risked their lives, none
of them have been recognized up to now. Only when she found her way
to Janina and Maria, she felt safe. She stayed with them till the
end of the war. See: Grynberg, op. cit. and also Prekerowa, op. cit.
Very many Jews had similar experiences.