NADOLNY, Halina, wife

NAGORZEWSKI, Helena (1886-1976) teacher

Helena taught in Warsaw at a primary school and during the war in the clandestine study groups. She contributed to save from certain death ca. fifteen Jews (15). Benefited from her help: Halina Buchholz, Stefan and Jadwiga Pines, Ada Stezyc with her mother, Dorota, Wladyslaw and their small son Waldemar Zelazo, three persons of the family Catnorski and four persons of the family Zyto. As her two-room apartment was too small to keep them all, she placed some with her sister. Others she put at her nephew, and still others at her daughter and son-in-law, Danuta and Leon Czubczenko (q.v.). The Zelazo family after the deportations from the ghetto (July - September 1942) decided to save by all means their child. Wladyslaw, who every day was conducted from the ghetto for work, transported the child in his rucksack. First the child was hidden in the shoes manufacture of Piotrowski, from where took it one of the engineers; from him took it to her flat Helena. In February 1943 came to her also the child's mother, Dorota Zelazo. Wladyslaw benefited also from her temporary aid. All three Zelazos survived the war. In her apartment hid also a 4 years old Ada Stezyc from where she was taken by the Czubczenkos. This couple in order to avoid suspicions that she is Jewish, moved to Wolomin and there registered her as its daughter. To her "adoptive" father she writes from Israel "My dearest papa". The mother of Leon Czubczenko, a dentist, Elzbieta, (q.v.) was also active in saving Jews. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

NAGRABA, Wiktoria
NAJBAR, Franciszek
NAJBAR, Maria, wife
NAJDEK, Szymon
NAJDEK, Helena, wife
NAJKO, Bronislawa, wife
NAJKO, Janina, daughter

NAKONIECZNY, Marian, brother

Jan had a farmstead in the village Czystykow, near Tarnopol (now in Ukraine). On Dec. 15, 1942 he told Henryk Sperber, from Cracow, who was conducted for work from the forced labor camp for Jews, that: "If you should be in danger, you can find refuge with me". From June 21, 1943 till March 9, 1944, the Sperber family, Henryk, his mother Rozalia, his sister Sabina, his fiancée, Lucyna Tynkiel and his cousin Felicja Finder stayed in a henhouse 2 ft high, 13 ft long and 4 ft wide. Beside them the Nakonieczny gave shelter also to a Pole, Adolf Chailo, a settler from the village Jarczowce. This Pole, according the Jan's letter to Marian Kosiek, of July 2, 1967, hid two women and three children. One of them was the daughter of the Rabbi from Belzec. Two Gestapo officers informed about this asked him if he keeps Jews. They beat him up but he did not confess. They found the hideaways and shot them behind the barn. When they sent Adolf to fetch a spade he escaped and ran to Jan. See: Bartoszewski & Lewin, op. cit., an article in "Glos Zolnierza" in Warsaw in 1944 and another one in Izraelskie Nowiny i Kurier in Tel Aviv on Aug. 14, 1964.

NALAZEK, Jerzy (1914-)

Jerzy lived in Warsaw. In school he befriended a Jewish boy, M. D. When his mother died in the ghetto, the boy escaped to the "Aryan" side to Jerzy. In the ghetto remained his half-brother, Kazimierz Zylberstejn with his wife. Kazimierz was deported to Treblinka, but Roma, his wife, who worked on the "Aryan" side, slipped from the detachment of workers and joined M. D, and Jerzy who waited for her in a gate. Jerzy took her for a short time,
organized false documents and found her work as a child nurse. She survived the war. A 17 years old Hanna Kaliski from Wloclawek came to Warsaw in 1939 and lived with Mrs. Wilczynski, and her mother with Jadwiga Pawlowski and even got work. When she felt threatened she confided in Jerzy, who found her work elsewhere. Unfortunately on March 28, 1944 her mother was arrested. When she went to the police station to intervene, she was arrested too. Both found themselves in Auschwitz, but survived it (probably they were considered Polish) and returned to Warsaw. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

NALEP(K)A-CZERNIEWICZ, Franciszka (1910-)

Franciszka Nalepa resided in Cracow. In October 1942 came to her for shelter Maks Czerniewicz, who escaped the ghetto. He remained with her till the end. In his letter of Dec. 19, 1966 to the Israeli Embassy in Warsaw he wrote: "I did not have any resources whatsoever. This woman shared with me every peace of bread and food, got through hard work and very modest gains".On March 10, 1945 they married. See: Grynberg, op. cit

NALE(P)KA-DUTKIEWICZ, Stefania (not related) see DUTKIEWICZ, Teodor & Hanna, parents?
NAMOWICZ, Anna, wife
NAPIERALA, Eugeniusz, son
NAPIERALA, Sabina, daughter

NARUSZEWICZ, Witold (1879-1967)
NARUSZEWCZ, Wanda (1884-1969) wife

Witold and Wanda lived at Podkowa Lesna, and their daughter with her husband, Albin Komar, in Warsaw. Anna Sosnowska (Witkind) came to the Komars in the beginning of 1943. The young couple was active in the AK (Home Army); in their apartment were taking place courses for officers; it was necessary for security sake, to transfer Anna and their one year old baby to Halina's parents. In her statement of May 12, 1986 Anna wrote "at the Komars and Naruszewiczes I found the first bed after many hard experiences and flights from one attic to another." See" Grynberg, op. cit.

NARUSZKO, Genowefa, wife
NASIEROWSKI, Janina, wife
NASIEROWSKI, Zdzislaw, son
NATKANIEC, Anna wife

NATKANIEC, Rozalia (1916-) born BUKSA (not related)

Daughter of a poor farmer Buksa, who had nine children, she started to work at the age of 13 at the Grunberg family in Cracow as a maid. She followed them into the ghetto. After a certain time she left the ghetto and was employed as a housekeeper at a businessman, Karol Natkaniec. From his aid benefited many Jews: Marian Elzner, the brothers Ratner, a girl Broder, Adam Grunberg and his sister, Zofia Kempler and Janek Jakubowski. Zofia Kempler, thanks to Rozalia, hid at the gardener's house. Hitlerjugend (a German youth organization) occupied the front of that building. Zofia's children, Haneczka and Bernard were hidden with their nurse, Franciszka Ziemianski (q.v.) at Lapanow near Cracow. Due to a denunciation the children would be shot, but the policeman who arrested them, was bribed. Then Rozalia took the children to her place. The janitor, was under the obligation to inform the authorities in place about any Jews, threatened to denounce them to the Germans. So Rozalia brought the children to an orphanage, run by sisters, but it was for girls only. Rozalia with Franciszka disguised the boy as a girl and the sisters accepted Bernard also. Unfortunately, due to a denunciation, the Gestapo snatched 34 people from that orphanage, both children among them and put them in the Monteluppi prison. It was December 1944, shortly before the occupation of Cracow by the Soviet troops. Rozalia who had a pass to the Plaszow camp, gave the news to Zygmunt Grunberg, the children's uncle, who was a forced laborer there. He asked for aid a certain Szubka, who helped to hide them in that camp. In January 1945 the Germans drove the Plaszow inmates to the West. The Grunbergs perished but Haneczka and Bernard were taken by the Swedish Red Cross to Sweden and later went to Israel. In 1987 Bernard Kempler visited Cracow and all the places in which he was hidden. He found in life the Sister, who accepted the children from Franciszka Ziemianski and broke in tears. He visited also the grave of Franciszka, his devoted nurse. Rozalia was twice invited to Israel. In 1989, at the recognition as "Righteous" by Yad Vashem, Bernard Kempler in a beautiful tribute to both women, told that Franciszka, in continuous dangers and courage surpassed all soldiers and generals, not having anything beside her daring, her religious faith and her own humanism. About Rozalia, present, he told that she not only gave life, but also helped to believe in it. Both represent what is best in a human being, which no evil will ever destroy. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

NAWARKIEWICZ, Leonora see KOWALSKI, Adam, husband
NAWRATEN, Wladyslaw
NAWROCKI, Leokadia
NAWROCKI, Maria, daughter
NESTOROWICZ, Michalina, wife
NESTOROWICZ, Lucja, daughter
NESTOROWICZ, Stanislaw, son
* NEY, Julian, physician

Julian, as a young doctor at Jaslo, was called to the bed of Sara Diller's mother, living on the same street as Sara, daughter of a Rabbi in the Polish Army. Soon the two young people felt attracted one to the other and the doctor's visits became more frequent. When the first "Aktionen" (round-ups of Jews or Poles) began, Julian organized false papers for Sara and urged her to flee. Together with Anna Bogdanowicz (q.v.) and her elder son Antoni, he accompanied Sara to the station in order to dispatch her to Kielce by train. Later Anna was arrested with her husband and son, but took all the blame on herself. Dispatched to Auschwitz, she perished there. Julian arrested and tortured very severely for the same reason and refusing to speak about Sara, was either killed or, like the Germans tried to simulate, took his own life, but Sara survived and lives in Israel. This researcher heard the story from Sara herself in 1985. Julian Ney was awarded posthumously the medal of "Righteous Among the Nations". He was mentioned here already, in the list of "Those Who Paid with their Lives". See: Paldiel, op. cit. and articles by Sara Diller in Israel of Jan 11, 1985 in "Nowiny i Kurier, No. 6, in Tel-Aviv.


Zofia Rontaler's deeds are described under the name of Lipinski-Szomanski (q.v.) her friend, coworker in the theatre of the Lazienki Palace, staying with her in a two room apartment, both active in the AK and in saving of Jews. See: Lukas, Out of the Inferno, op. cit.

NIEDOJADLO-GILUK, Gabriela, daughter
NIEDZIELA, Eugeniusz
NIEDZIELA, Waleria, wife
NIEDZIELA, Waleria's mother Teofila


Waleria knew before the war the Weistreich family. During the occupation in her miniscule
apartment in Cracow hid one after the other all the members of that family: Mosze, Stefania and their children: Henryk, Norbert and sometimes Berta. Once during the German "Aktion" the Gestapo discovered the hideout and arrested Mosze. The rest of the family succeeded to escape to Hungary. Waleria, recognized as "Righteous" in 1999 was honored
on May 2nd, 2000 in Cracow.


NIEMIEC, Jozef (not related)
NIEMIEC, Maria, wife


Kazimierz and Paulina were poor farmers at Zarecze, not far from Vilna. They had seven (7) children. They helped many Jews, providing them food, occasionally shelter, clothing and necessities, sometimes to 30 people. Among them were: Bert and Mira B., Luba L. Diszka B. Leo, Irma and Sonia Slavin, Basia J., Lejba G. Izak and Bertcha G., Berl Z. W. and Rachel G., Izrael S., Joseph Riwash. The children, even the younger ones (not recognized) Kazimiera, Franciszka, and the twins, Wladyslaw and Zofia were active in the help to their parents in washing, cooking and especially in watching in all kinds of weather if the Germans are not coming. It was impressed on them not to tell about their "guests" to their friends. All was done without any reward, as the Jews escaped the ghetto with nothing more than what they had on their backs. Yad Vashem recognized the parents and the 3 older (of the 7) children "Righteous" on Jan. 21, 1988. Case No. 3584. It was started in 1986. See: Riwash, op. cit.

NIETYKSZA, Bronislaw
NIEWEGLOWSKI, Kazimiera, wife

NIEWEGLOWSKI, Jozef (not related)

NIEWIADOMSKI, Leopold Zygmunt
NIEWIADOMSKI, Jadwiga (1918-1086) born MIELNICKI, wife

Jadwiga registered inhabitants of some buildings in Warsaw. This allowed her to give Jews birth certificates of deceased persons, on which "proof" they could get "Kennkarten. From this aid benefited: the five (5) Leszczynskis, Marek Buznicki, and his parents Marcel and Salomea. Marceli wrote in 1973 that he stayed in Jadwiga's house for 17 months treated like a member of a family. Janina defended him even from extortionists. But her war experiences ruined her health and she became invalid. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

NIEWIEDZKI, Irena, daughter
NIEWIEDZKI, Zofia, daughter
NIEWIRKIEWICZ, Denisi (Dionizy?)
NIEZGODA, Aniela, wife
NIEZNANSKI, Stanislawa, wife

NIZIOLEK, Kazimierz (1915-) engineer
NIZIOLEK, Wanda (1922-) born REK, wife

The couple Niziolek lived at Skarzysko-Kamienna. Before the liquidation of the ghetto there in October 1942, they helped the family of Ber Lejba Lewin. As they did not have the conditions to hide anybody, they placed one Lewin daughter, Eugenia Margules, at Wanda's parents, Wladyslaw and Marianna Rek (q.v.) in Grodzisk Mazowiecki. The latter, having just one room and a kitchen, harbored later four persons, including Eugenia's sister, Chawa, whom Kazimierz extricated from the ghetto and even the Niziolek couple, as the Gestapo hunted Kazimierz. In moments of particular danger Kazimierz conducted the two Lewin sisters from the cellar to the forest and they survived but their family perished. In 1974 Chawa attested that the help of the two couples not only endangered their life, but was entirely disinterested. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

NOGAJ, Maria
NOGAJ, Krystyna, daughter
NOSKOWICZ-RYCHLEWICZ, Irena see RYCHLEWICZ, Wladyslaw, Prof., father?
NOSOL, Piotr
NOSOL, Aniela, wife

NOWAK, Stefania, wife

NOWAK, Franciszek (not relate)
NOWAK, Genowefa, wife
NOWAK, Rozalia, daughter
NOWAK, Wieslawa, daughter

NOWAK, Franciszek (another one, not related)
NOWAK, Malgorzata, wife
NOWAK, Franciszek, son
NOWAK, Rudolf, son

NOWAK, Franciszek (still another one, not related)
NOWAK, Wiktoria, wife

NOWAK, Helena (not related)

NOWAK-LOZA, Irena (not related) see LOZA, Stefania, mother?

NOWAK, Julianna (not related)

NOWAK, Konrad (not related)

NOWAK, Lucjan Witold (1913-1974) (not related)
NOWAK, Stanislawa Janina (1916-1986) wife

This couple lived in Warsaw. From Nov. 1, 1942 they took into their apartment Daniel Ryflinski, whom Lucjan Witold met in a train. Daniel lost his parents, was in the hospital and decided to flee the ghetto. He stayed with the Nowaks till the Warsaw Uprising. With the Nowak's help he reached Piaseczno and survived. In 1945 he went to Israel. He maintained contact with the Nowaks till their death. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

NOWAK, Ludwik (not related)
NOWAK, Aniela, wife
NOWAK, Lucja (not related) see KALUCKI, Maria
NOWAK-BOZEK, Maria (not related)

NOWAK, Rudolf (not related)
NOWAK, Joanna, wife

NOWAK, Tadeusz(not related)

NOWAK, Teofil (not related)
NOWAK, Helena SENDERSKI, sister

NOWAKOWSKI, Zofia, wife

Antoni lived in Cracow and was an employee of a German company. He met Antoni Ginzburg, from Lvov, who worked then in a transport company, belonging to Franciszek Wilk. Their acquaintance changed to friendship. When Ginzburg was forced to resign from his work at Wilk's Company, Antoni found him work in another transport company, this time a German one. In its warehouse Ginzburg hid his daughter, Zofia and his son, Tadeusz. Antoni stated that Ginzburg belonged to ZWZ (first Polish military underground organization, later called AK, the Home Army) and was in contact with the Plaszow camp. On his request Antoni organized a truck, with which the driver, Piotr Podskalny, drove out of the ghetto a sizable group of Jews to the Niepolomicki forest. Similarly, at Ginzburg's request - in a German car, with Jozef Kuciek driving - he took a physician couple, with three grandchildren, from Cracow to Slomniki and in broad daylight at that. In February 1944 Ginzburg went to a secret meeting and did not return. Antoni took Zofia to his house and both she and her brother Tadeusz survived. See: Grynberg, op. cit.

NOWICKI-URBANIAK, Janina (1920-)

Janina lived with her parents, Jan and Anna Nowickis and with his brother Wlodzimierz, in Warsaw. Because of her father's death, she could not continue her studies and started to work. As the street was mostly German-occupied, the family had to go elsewhere, to Zlota Street. Janina worked then in a cinema: "Nur fur Deutsche" (Only for Germans). There also worked a Jew, Henryk Repa, from Lvov, whose true name was Herman Fleiszer. They both knew German. On Feb. 18, 1943 the two married in the Catholic Church and they lived with her mother and brother on Zlota Street. One day a Jewish colleague from the Lvov University denounced Henryk, because the Germans promised him to release his wife for denouncing Jewish students. With a hefty sum and Anna's jewels, they succeeded to liberate him. Repa moved for a certain time to another apartment. On his request, at the end of 1943, Janina went to Lvov to fetch his mother, Salomea Fleiszer with her granddaughter, Ania Fili and took them to their flat and later placed them at Golkow, where they survived the occupation. At the beginning of 1944 Janina went again to Lvov to fetch the two sisters of Henryk Repa, and his brother-in-law, but they did not want to leave their shelter with the Sacred Heart Convent. Unfortunately they did not survive. Janina brought her husband back to Zlota Street before the Warsaw Uprising and after it both found themselves in the Pruszkow camp. Janina belongs to the very rare group of people who beyond being recognized by Yad Vashem as "Righteous", received also the citizenship of the State of Israel. In 1989 Janina told a journalist from the "Folks Sztyme" (Jewish voice): "I did nothing extraordinary. I just tried simply to help some Jews on my own and succeeded in it. They live today, have families and are happy." See: Grynberg, op. cit.

NOWICKI, Julia see BIESIADA, Edmund, husband
NOWICKI-EISEN, Lucja (not related) (CZAJKA, Tekla?)
NOWICKI, Mieczyslaw (1895-19420 (not related)
NOWICKI-GRZYB, Tekla ((1906-1988) wife
NOWICKI, Czeslaw Ryszard (1928-) son

The Nowicki family, originally from Vilna, resided in Warsaw during the war. Many Jews, benefited from their help, among them: Mieczyslaw and Maria Elster, Hipolit Grynwaser, Barbara and Stefan Hudyn, Dorota and Stanislaw Kopel, Ala and Stanislaw Muller, Mieczyslaw Pernowicz, Henryka Sokolow-Merszewicz, Estera Warsztacki and others. Help consisted in organizing false papers for them, finding them shelter, including in their own apartment, transferring some from Stryj to Warsaw. One of them, Stanislaw Kopel, perished in the Warsaw Uprising (1944) and most of them left Poland. Mieczyslaw Nowicki perished
in September 1942 in Auschwitz. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
NOWICKI-SZANIAWSKI, Stanislawa (not related

NOWICKI, Wladyslaw (not related)

NOWINSKI, Janina, wife
NOWINSKI-RUPNIEWSKI, Danuta, daughter?
NOWINSKI, Waclaw, son

Waclaw Nowinski was a sergeant major of the Blue (Polish) police on duty in April 1943, a few days before the Ghetto Uprising. Aleksander Bronowski, a Jewish lawyer from Lublin, managed up to that moment, to hide with the help of Poles on the "Aryan" side of Warsaw. He spoke good Polish and had credible false papers. Nonetheless he was arrested temporarily at a Polish police station to be transferred to the German police the next day. He tried to speak to the first policeman on duty, but was disappointed. He tried to do the same with the next one and spoke with him for 3 hours, in which he admitted being Jewish. That policeman, Waclaw, told him "I must save you". He left the station unattended for 4 hours, which was a serious breach of regulations and told Aleksander that he had bribed two German policemen, who would accept from him 5,000 zlotys and leave him free. When this happened, Aleksander came back to return the money to Waclaw, plus 2,000 zlotys more. Waclaw was incensed. It was with great difficulty that he convinced Waclaw to accept the 2,000 zlotys, to aid other Jews in distress. Waclaw warned Aleksander when danger loomed and occasionally hid him in his apartment. With the help of Janina and Waclaw's son (17) other Jews were also sheltered. Waclaw harbored also a Jewish family, the Berkowiczes in March 1943. They stayed in shacks built on a raft floating on the Vistula River. Waclaw brought them food every second day by a barge and when it became too cold, he placed them with his sister-in-law. See: Paldiel, op. cit. and Prekerowa, op. cit.


NYCZ, Bronislaw see LUBICZ-NYCZ, B.