BABIARZ, Halina, daughter
Gertruda was a nurse of Michael,
son of the Jewish Stolowicki family in Warsaw. In 1939 she moved
with the mother and son to Vilna, where she aided Jews. After the
mother's death Michael was considered to be her son and a Catholic.
To keep her word given to the deceased, she went after the war with Michael
to Israel, where he was reared in his Jewish faith. She remained
in Israel as a Catholic. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BABINSKI, Zofia (1888-1972)
BABINSKI, Danuta, daughter
Krystyna (1925-) daughter
Zofia was the owner of a
boarding house on Bracka St. 18 in Warsaw. Mother and daughters,
with great sympathy, gave food, lodging and all kinds of help to many Jews
during the entire occupation. They extended their help even to the
ghetto, e.g. to the Goldbergs, mother and son, to Hanna Landau and her
aunt . See: Grynberg, op. cit
BABISZ, Jadwiga, daughter
BABISZ, Stefania, daughter
BACHUL, Ludwika, wife
BACHUL, Anna, daughter
BACHUL, Janina, daughter
BACHUL, Maria, daughter
BACHUL, Roman, son
BACHUL, Wladyslaw, son
BADOWSKI, Stefan Franciszek
Stefan saved three (3) people:
Helena Wolman with her 10 years old daughter and Helena's sister, Irena
Kerth. He rented an apartment for them in Zoliborz (Warsaw) and gave
Irena the identity papers of his deceased sister. He extricated them
from the prison, bribing the Krippo (police functionary specialized in
crimes) with a substantial sum of money, offered by an ex-honorary consul
of Yugoslavia, Franciszek Punczuk and by a Pole, Henryk Kozlowski. See:
Grynberg, op. cit.
see PUCHALSKI, Jan & Anna , parents?
BAGINSKI, Tadeusz, son
Janina see KWIECINSKI, Janina, mother
see PUCHALSKI-BAJKOWSKI, Z.
BAKONIEWSKI, Emilia see
KUCZATY, Karol, husband.
BALICKI, Katarzyna, wife
BALICKI, Stanislaw, son
BALICKI, Wladyslaw, son
BALICKI, Zygmunt (1888-1959)
BALICKI, Jadwiga, wife (1884-1957)
Many Jewish friends found
refuge in the Balickis' home, mostly people partially assimilated.
One of them, Bernard Szapiro, died after being ill with typhus for several
weeks. They buried him under his occupation name, Boleslaw Sadowski.
Many survived the war, including Sara Biderman. She had a heavy accent,
striking Semitic features and behaved in a very imprudent way, although
she was an activist of ZOB (Jewish Fighting Organization). Wounded
by a gendarme she fled to the Balickis who managed to put her in a hospital.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BALUL, Wiktoria, wife
BALUL, Antoni, son
BALUL, Franciszek, son
BALABAJ, Maria see KODZIS,
Boleslaw & Tekla, parents
BANASIEWICZ, Jerzy, son
BANASIEWICZ, Tadeusz, son
The Banasiewicz hid safely
on their farm fifteen (15) Jews at Orzechowce, Przemysl district.
Salomon Ehrenfreud, whose entire family had been shot, and who hid at the
Jan Kosciak's home, came to them first, escaping the massacre of June 1942.
After him came Junek Frenkiel, then Salomon's brother, Izaak, being helped
previously by several other people. Two Banasiewicz sons, Antoni
and Tadeusz, were taken into forced labor to Germany. Tadeusz escaped and
was hiding Salomon in the barns and fields. With Izaak came also
his cousin Jakub Nassan and their friend Marcel Teich. Franciszek
with one of his sons helped to escape from the Przemysl ghetto Nassan's
wife, Eugenia and her friend Fejga Weidenbaum. A week later Franciszek
brought Edmund Orner. With the approaching winter the family built
a bunker under the house. On request of Salomon, Tadeusz brought
from the ghetto Bunia Stamhofer in October 1943 then Fela Szattner and
in January 1944 Samuel Reinharz, his brother Beniamin, his mother Bertha
and Jozef Weindling. While waiting for Jozef, Tadeusz was arrested
by Germans and shut in the ghetto by Jozef Weindling's brother, who was
a guard in the ghetto. Samuel Reinharz, then still in the ghetto,
with his horse and cart, bribed the commander Sch(w)ammberger, who let
Tadeusz go and they all came to the shelter, as the German guard Maslanka
behaved humanely. But other people who helped Jews paid dearly.
Michal Kruk, through whom communication with Jews was maintained, was hanged
and Maria Kuras was arrested and later had a mental brake down. The
gamekeeper at Tarnawce, Kurpiel was shot with his wife and the Jews they
sheltered. In May 1944 the passage from the house to the bunker,
due to an explosion, caved in and Germans surrounded the farm. While
the Germans were occupied with the arrest of one of the Banasiewicz sons,
the other scattered and Germans did not discover nor them nor the bunker.
All survived. See: Bartoszewski & Lewin, op. cit. p 454-459
BANASIK, Klara see KOBYLEC,
Piotr & Karolina, parents
BANDO-STUPNICKI, Anna see
STUPNICKI, Janina, mother
BANEK, Anna, wife
BANEK, Barbara, wife
BANEK-KAPLONSKI, Irma, daughter
BANKOWSKI, Wladyslawa, sister
BAR-KUJAWSKI, Celina see
KUJAWSKI-BAR NATAN, C.
BAR, Julia, wife
BAR, Janina, daughter
BARAN, Boleslaw (1920-)
As a clerk in the town hall
of Cracow he procured false documents for Jews, among others to Jozefa
Singer, and Anna Wernicz. Both survived the war. See: Grynberg,
BARAN, Anna, wife
BARAN, Boleslaw, son
BARAN, Mieczyslaw, son
BARAN, Eleonora, wife
BARAN, Julian (1905-1980)
BARAN, Anna, wife (1911-)
Julian and Anna residing
at Galk, near Brzezany, gave refuge on their farm to the couple Mark and
Klara Zipper, from April 1943 till the war's end. The Zippers emigrated
to the USA. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
see: JADLINA-BARANEK, M. and parents
BARANSKI, Wladyslawa. wife
BARANSKI, Hanna, daughter
BARANSKI, Zbigniew, son
BARANSKI, Janina (not real.)
BARANSKI, Stanislaw, son
BARCIKOWSKI, Helena (1907-1989)
BARCIKOWSKI, Jozef, son
BARCIKOWSKI, Tadeusz, son
Beginning in September 1942,
the Barcikowskis sheltered in their home at Wisniowiec, Tarnopol prov.
Adam Gajlo. Helena obtained for him a baptismal certificate from a local
priest. They fled before Ukrainian bands to Lancut. Once a gendarme burst
into the room where Adam hid behind the wardrobe. . As the room did not
have lighting the gendarme lit a flashlight. A second before he could look
at the wardrobe the bulb went out. He went to the kitchen to change the
bulb and did not return to the room...See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BARCZAK, Jozef, brother
BARCZAK, Wladyslaw, brother
BARCZYNSKI, Jozef Robert
BAR NATAN-KUJAWSKI, Celina,
see KUJAWSKI-BAR NATAN, Celina
The Fleishmans, shopkeepers
lived in Cracow. They spoke Polish at home but knew German and Yiddish.
When Germans closed the Jewish schools, the parents paid an English teacher
to instruct their daughter in that language. They all moved
to Warsaw, but soon returned to Cracow, leaving in Warsaw their 14 years
old daughter, Rachel, staying with her aunt and taking courses in agriculture.
Rachel befriended Waclaw and Janina Barszczewski, and their children, Janusz
and Krystyna. Waclaw helped her aunt and uncle to leave the ghetto
and brought Rachel warm garments. Rachel escaped the ghetto at the
beginning of its Uprising (1943). Waclaw organized for her a birth
certificate for the name of Bronislawa Kowalczyk and placed her at Zatrzebie,
while her aunt and uncle at Radosc. Rachel changed families several
times. She volunteered in the Warsaw Uprising (1944) to take care
of the wounded. After its fall she was taken from Pruszkow to Germany
to a displaced persons camp. To that camp came some Polish officers
from the AK (Home Army) looking for an English translator and took her
to Italy. Gen. Anders, to whom she told that she is Jewish, and that
she wanted to join his brother, staying since several years in Israel,
helped her to get there in 1945. She learned that her parents had
been killed, although some Poles helped her mother. The older Barszczewskis
died. Rachel got from Yad Vashem the recognition as "Righteous"
for Janusz, a lawyer and painter, shortly before his death, but not for
his sister, considered too young at 12. Waclaw and Janina were not
recognized, and the family does not appear on the Yad Vashem list of 1999.
See: Isakiewicz, Elzbieta: "Ustna Harmonijka; Relacje Zydow, Ktorych Uratowali
od Zaglady Polacy" [Warszawa, Niezalezne Wyd. Polskie, c2000] (portrs.,
illus., 260 pp)
Felicja and Irena were engaged
in helping Jews. Felicja, wife of a Jewish barrister, Maurycy Tewel,
harbored at Debica, Lublin prov., beside her husband, his sister, Maria
Blumental, with her son and friend Mrs. Lozinski, with her son and the
tailor, Winter. She organized the transfer of Sabina Poper to stay
with her sister Irena in Warsaw. When at the beginning of 1943 Germans
burst into the apartment of Felicja, they arrested Maurycy. He did
not return from Auschwitz. The next day Germans returned but did
not find the other Jews, because the father of Felicja, Jozef, managed
to hide them in another place. After the death of Maurycy, Felicja
harbored the couple Dawid and Fejga Deresiewicz, with their son Markus.
Irena, active in the resistance movement, took advantage of her contacts
for helping Jews from Debica. Thus she harbored together with Sabina
Poper, Maria Korzennik. All survived. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BARTCZAK, Marian (1908-)
BARTCZAK, Helena, wife (1911-1988)
The Bartczaks helped several
Jews. Among them was a barrister, Marek Kleiner, for whom Marian got false
documents, rented an apartment and whom he helped financially. As
Kleiner asked him to search for his family, he went to Lvov, where he came
to know the family Dienstag. He brought Irena Dienstag to Warsaw
as the governess of his child, obtaining for her documents on the name
Zaleski. She emigrated later to Israel. See: Grynberg, op. cit
BARTOSZEWICZ, Zofia, wife
see KULYK, Wladyslaw, husband
see ADASIAK-BARTOSZEWSKI, M.
(1922-), author, historian, ambassador, minister
Bartoszewski, member of the
underground, worked for the Polish Red Cross. In September 1940 he
was arrested and sent to Auschwitz. Liberated by the efforts of the
Polish Red Cross, he produced one of the first reports on that camp.
He studied Polish literature at the Underground University, 1942-44, and
continued later in 1948. In September 1942 he became a member first
of the Temporary Committee of Aid to Jews and then, co-founder with Zofia
Kossak-Szczucka of ZEGOTA, (cryptonym of the Council for Aid to Jews, 1942-45),
as the representative of the Catholic organization FOP (Front
for the Rebirth of Poland). At the age of only 21 he was responsible for the
liaison section, i.e. the couriers' work, considered the most dangerous of all
its activities. He spent many other years in prison under the communist
regime, 1946-54 in Warsaw, Rawicz, Raciborz, which ruined his health and
again in 1980-81 in Bialoleka. In 1963 he became one of the first
to be recognized by Yad Vashem as "Righteous" and a honorary citizen of
Israel. As a passionate but rigorously meticulous historical chronicler,
writer, publicist and editor of articles and books, many times editor-in-chief,
he boast of a bibliography of more that 1,000 titles, of which many were translated
into English, French, German, Spanish and Swedish. He was invited
as a visiting Professor by the Catholic |University of Lublin, 1973-1985
and by various German Universities. In 1990 he was nominated ambassador
to Austria, in 1995, Minister of Foreign Affairs, later was a Senator and
again Minister of Foreign Affairs, highly decorated and recipient of many
honorary Doctorates in Poland and abroad. Bartoszewski is the author
of 30 books, important for the war years, like "Warsaw Death Ring, 1939-1944".
Warsaw, Interpress Publ. 1968 (illus. 459 pp.) and "Dni Warszawy" Krakow,
Znak, 1974 (illus. 834 pp.). He edited other two books with Zofia
Lewin on the Polish-Jewish relations, mentioned in the Bibliography.
As a member of various Polish-Jewish -organizations he has done probably
more than anyone else to build understanding and reconciliation between
Poles and Jews and also between Poles and Germans. See: Kunert, A.
K. ed. "Wladyslaw Bartoszewski: Zycie i Tworczosc". Warszawa,
Rytm  (portr., illus., bibliography, 205 pp.)
BARUT, Jan (1896-1956) school
BARUT, Ludwika, wife (1901-1978)
Jadwiga's husband, Stanislaw
Urbanski, (1913- 1973) an officer of the Home Army, (AK) residing at Huta
Polanska (Krosno prov.) bicycled 20 km. to Zmigrod, to warn his acquaintance,
Jozef Strenger, of an imminent execution of the Jews. Jozef declined
the offer of help but entrusted the eldest of his 4 daughters, 11 years
old Golda, to Stanislaw, who brought her home. Jozef survived in
the woods with food brought him by the Baruts. Golda got a school
certificate from Jan on the name Barbara Folta. She emigrated to
Israel, while her father went to the USA. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BARUTOWICZ, Karolina, wife
BARUTOWICZ, Zofia, daughter
BARYS, Kazimierz, (1924-)
BARYS, Franciszek, (1929-)
The Barys brothers gave refuge,
at the beginning of 1943, to Golda Schachter, who was roaming with two
small children in the area of Gaje Kudynowskie, near Zborow, Tarnopol prov.
First they hid them in the loft of their farmhouse, thus saving them from
Germans and Ukrainians. When Germans discovered a similar hiding
place nearby and all people there have been killed, the brothers dug a
shelter under the barn, and covered it with heavy farm machinery.
It took close to an hour to get to this shelter when bringing them food.
The Germans and their Ukrainian collaborators searched the house several
times but did not found them. Another Jewish woman, Mania N., joined
Golda and stayed with them till the end of the war. We have before
our eyes the beautiful statement by Golda Schachter with the addresses
of all the people involved. She died in 1986. Yad Vashem recognized
them in 1987. Case no. 3610, was started in 1986.
BARYS-SZUL, Maria see SZUL-BARYS,
BARZAL, Maria, wife
see KLODNICKI-BATAWIA, W.
BATKO-MOLENDA, Zofia see
BATOROWICZ, Maria, wife
BAUMGARTEN, Maria, wife
BAWOL, Irena see BARTCZAK-BAWOL-MIELECKI,
BAZARNIK, Danuta, wife
BAZYDLO, Bronislawa, wife
BAZANT, Jozefa, wife
BAK-WOLANSKI, Danuta see
WOLANSKI-BAK, Stanislawa, mother
BAKALA, Helena, wife
BEBAK, Felicja, wife
BECK, Julia, wife
BECK, Aleksandra, daughter
The Becks rescued eighteen
(18) Jews hiding them in their home, in spite of posters everywhere announcing
that helping Jews equals the death penalty. When some young children
were to be sent to that shelter, endangering all of them, some of them
protested. To which Walenty said simply: "What will be, will be,
let the children come". This took place in April 1943 and was described
in detail by Faarszon Taffet in his book: "Zaglada Zydow Zolkiewskich"
(Extermination of Zolkiew Jews). Lodz 1946. He wrote also that in
Bar, near Grodek Jagiellonski, Poles saved over 20 Jews, him included.
See: Bartoszewski & Lewin, op. cit.
BEDNARCZYK, Tadeusz, alias
"BEDNARZ" or "TADEUSZ" (1943-2000)
Lieutenant-colonel in the
army, he was as an economist a Warsaw treasury official in the Jewish area.
In Sept. 1939 General Wladyslaw Sikorski, before leaving Poland for France
to continue the fight for freedom, created the Military Organization (OW)
that operated underground in Poland. Bednarczyk was nominated in
January 1940 as the head of Dept. for Minorities and Help to Jews.
He co-operated with the president of the Jewish commune, the engineer Adam
Czerniakow. On Tadeusz's proposal the OW and the Central Committee
of the Organizations for Sovereignty (CKON) entrusted him with co-ordination
of their own and of the Home Army's (AK)
help to the Ghetto and to the Jews in hiding. He took part in the creation of
the Jewish Military Organization (ZZW)and was the only Pole who visited the Ghetto
every single day till its Uprising. The last time he went there on May 1, 1943
to bring ammunition to the fighters. Author of several books with
a wealth of information on the Warsaw Ghetto and the help given to Jews:
"Walka i Pomoc"(Fight and Help) Warszawa [Iskry] 1968 (68 pp.), "Obowiazek
Silniejszy od Smierci"(Duty stronger than death) Warszawa, Spol. Wyd. Grunwald,
1986. (162 pp.). "Zycie Codzienne Warszawskiego Getta, 1939-1945 i Dalej".
(Everyday life in the Warsaw ghetto) Warszawa, Ojczyzna, 1995 (ill., 345
pp.). See photo.
see WITUSZEK, Jan, husband
BEDNARSKI, Zofia, sister?
BERCZYNSKI, Waclaw, son
BERCZYNSKI, Zofia, Waclaw's
Kazimiera, her husband and
son, both named Waclaw, kept a Jewish girl 6 years old, Ilona Friedman,
in Czestochowa. Kazimiera pretended to be her grandmother.
Once she had to run with Ilona to the nearest cemetery to hide there for
2 days. When Waclaw, the son, wanted to marry Zofia, he had to tell
her their secret. They all had to move several times. The mother
of the child, Roma, (later Tuchband) managed once to see her daughter,
thanks to a Pole named Cesarz, who helped her to keep in touch with the
Berczynskis. Roma mentions him several times in her moving deposition
before us. Both Roma and Ilona married in America. See: Tomaszewski
, Irena & Werbowski, Tecia.: Zegota; the Rescue of Jews in Wartime
Poland. [Montreal, Price-Patterson, Ltd, c1994] (map, portr., illus., 171
pp.). Recognized: 86-03-19. Case:3366 was started in 1985.
see ZIELINSKI-STAWNICZA, Albina, mother
BERETA, (BERATA ?) Anna
BERETA, (BERATA ?) Anna,
BERETA, (BERATA ?) Julian,
Anna, a simple peasant woman,
from the village Borowa, No. 104, in the Bochnia district, hid nine (9)
Jews: Szymon Lieblich, his daughter and brother, Julian Rolecki, Dranger
and others. See : Bartoszewski & Lewin, op. cit.
BEREZNICKI, Olena, wife
BERNARDA, Sister of the Sacred
Heart Congregation in Przemysl
Maria Klain was the youngest
child of an orthopedic shoemaker in Przemysl. As her mother became
very ill after her birth, Maria stayed mostly with her aunts. She
went to the Polish school and at home they spoke Polish and German.
When the war broke out she was only six years old. Przemysl was ruined
by bombardment. Soon appeared the Germans and started to kill Jews.
Her brother, a communist, was killed too. In 1942 the Germans organized
the ghetto. Her father, a member of the Polish Socialist Party was
well liked by Poles. As her both aunts perished, the child cried
constantly and thought of suicide. When she was about to jump from
the third floor, a girl friend caught her just in time. In her account
about the stay in the ghetto she tells that many people killed the children
in order to survive themselves. So her father finally found for her
a refuge with the Sacred Heart Sisters in Przemysl, but Maria refused to
go there. So he forced her to look at the atrocious way the Germans
put Jewish children to death. A Polish woman, Kazimiera Romankiewicz,
who was allowed to enter the ghetto, and receive potatoes peelings for
her cow, as payment for milk for the supervisor, drove many Jewish children
out of it, in her small cart, covered with those potatoes peelings.
Another Polish woman took Maria under her cape to exit with her from the
ghetto, but the guard saw them and started to shoot. Maria ran in
zigzags and he relented. She went straight to Kazimiera, who conducted
her to the convent. Maria tells that her coming to the convent was
a balsam for her, something miraculous, due to the goodness and patience
of all the sisters, although there was extreme poverty. She mentions
all their names: Sister Alfonsa, who begged for food for the children,
from house to house, and after the war left the convent and went to Australia,
Sister Bernarda, sister Jakuba, sister Ligoria Grenda, (q.v.), Sister Leokadia
and Sister Longina and the superior Mother Emilia-Jozef Malkowska, related
to the princely Czartoryski family, who devoted herself completely to saving
Jewish children until her premature death on April 12, 1944. In the
convent there were 60 children, among them some boys, which as circumcised,
were an added danger, especially when the Ukrainian police, collaborating
with the Germans, moved to the first floor of that same building and took
liking to a Jewish baby boy. The children were mostly orphans from
the East, where they suffered from the Ukrainian hands and were just as
terrified as the Jewish children of whom there were 14. Maria befriended
them and particularly one, Hania. She did not have any knowledge
of the Catholic religion, but the good heart of the sisters little by little
brought her to beg the sisters and the priest to baptize her, which they
refused, telling her that she will return to her Jewish family and that
religion is not a pendulum. In 1944 the Sisters told her to return
to her father, according to the fourth commandment: "Honor they father
and thy mother". Her father did not allow her to practice the Catholic
religion, and beat her up badly for going to church. For four years
she fought with him about that. In 1948 they all left for Sweden.
Her father wanted to go to the USA, but Maria refused. She arrived
in Israel all alone where her mother joined her after her husband's death
and died there. Maria who felt so happy in Poland found the life
in Israel extremely difficult, but she married and had a child. She
asked a Polish acquaintance to search for her Sisters. This lady
found only two of them still living: Sister Bernarda and Sister Ligoria
Grenda. In 1986 Maria went to Poland and again in 1987 to give the
two Sisters the medal of "Righteous". There was a beautiful ceremony
at the town hall in Cracow and she met at that occasion cardinal Macharski,
to whom the Sisters wished to present one of the children saved.
She saw her Jewish friend Hania, who won the process to remain in Przemysl,
against the wishes of her family. She never admitted to be Jewish,
married a wonderful Pole and has two grown up Polish children. She
visited Maria 5 times with her husband. Maria terminated her account
by telling: If I would remain in Poland I also would never admit
being Jewish, as in Poland to be Jewish is not a shame but it is an embarrassing
situation. None of the other sister nor Kazimiera were recognized.
See: Kurek, op. cit. and Isakiewicz, op. cit.
BERNAT-SLISKI, Zofia see
BEZRUCZKO, Katarzyna, wife
BEZRUCZKO, Jadwiga, daughter
BIALKOWSKI, Zofia, wife
?) Lucyna, wife
BIALY, Janina, wife
see KRYSINSKI-BIARDZKI, A.
BICZYK, Helena, wife
BIEGANSKI, Stanislawa, wife
BIEL, Maria, wife
Bronislawa lived in Warsaw
and was the nurse to the son of a Jewish woman,
When Janina found herself in the ghetto, Bronislawa stole into it to bring
food to mother and child. In August 1942 Janina extracted
the child from the ghetto
as well as the children of Janina's sister, Helena Meszorer,
Jozef Lucjan and Ludwika.
Janina Wrzesniewski testified that Bronislawa did not
gain any material benefit
for all she did. See: Grynberg, op.cit.
BIELAWSKI, Irena (not
related to the other Bielawskis)
BIELAWSKI, Barbara, wife
BIELAWSKI, Boleslaw, son
Boleslaw Bielawski was a
luminary of the Warsaw bar, with Jan and Leon Nowodworski, Michal Skoczynski
and Jerzy Czerwinski. German occupation authorities struck all non-Aryans
from the roll of lawyers as of January 1, 1940. Then, the Germans
asked the opinion of the Council of the Warsaw bar as to whether Jews should
be permitted to practice law. The Council replied in February 1940,
that according to the prewar Polish laws and to the Hague Convention of
1907, Jewish lawyers should be free to exercise their profession.
A vote was ordered in May-June 1940 among the lawyers. Eighty replied
yes, nine did not state their views, some accepted "re-polonization" of
the law profession. The 80 Polish lawyers were put in the Pawiak
prison then transported to Auschwitz, from where very few returned.
Boleslaw might be the son of Jozef and Barbara. See: Bartoszewski
& Lewin, op. cit.
see RADWANSKI-BIELEC, H.
BIELINSKI, Antoni (1914-)
Antoni and Helena lived in
the village of Ksiezopole Budki, Siedlce prov. They had a three years
old daughter and were very poor peasants. From September 1942 they
gave refuge to five (5) Jews and soon after to six (6) others of the Bird
family: Rubin, Rachmil, Szmul, Rubinfeld, Nahari Andzia and Romek.
In March 1943 the Germans occupied their farm, stood the parents with the
little girl against a wall and under the barrel of guns ordered them to
give up their Jews. Nobody said a word and the Jews were not found.
The Germans departed taking all the food and arrested Antoni for further
investigation taking him to Sokolow Podlaski. Miraculously he was
released after four weeks. All the Jews survived the war and emigrated.
See: Grynberg, op cit.
BIELINSKI, Stanislaw (not
BIELINSKI, Halina, wife
BIELINSKI, Zdzislaw, (1908-1945)
physician (not related)
BIELINSKI, Zofia, (1908-)
Before the war their home
in Lvov was a meeting-place for Polish, Jewish and Ukrainian intelligentsia,
who were against any form of chauvinism. During the war the doctor
frequented the ghetto to help and provide medical care to Jews there.
Deprived of his academic position, he continued to work in the hospital
and in their private consulting room. Dozens of Jews benefited from
their help. Many survived the war and sent glowing attestations to
the humanitarian attitude of both doctors, e.g. Dr. Alfred Vogel, Dr. Janina
Fischer, Prof. Seweryn B. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
see GODLEWSKI, Maria, mother?
see KWIATKOWSKI-BIERNACKI, W.
BIESIADA, Edmund (1901-1947
Having themselves an eight
years old daughter, they took into their home in Warsaw in 1940 Szoszana
Brzoza, (13) and later her sister, Cyla, who escaped from the burning ghetto.
They found a refuge in the countryside for Fela, the third sister, and
provided all three with documents. They helped also other Jews, e.g.
Magdalena Rolirad, bribing a Gestapo man
with 30,000 zlotys and a gold bracelet. The three sisters left Poland in 1947
and sent a declaration of how they stayed with the Biesiadas even when the latter
lost the roof over their heads after the Warsaw Uprising in 1944. See: Grynberg,
BIL, Olga, wife
see MACHAJSKI-BILICKI, B.
see ORZECHOWSKI-BILINSKI, S.
BINDER, Helena, wife
see WILCZEK-BISKUP, P.
see SKAWINSKI-BISKUPSKI, S.
see HORYSLAWSKI-BIZIOR, J.
BLAM, Helena Sara (1915-)
Helena lived with her mother
and stepfather in Boryslaw and during the war helped Jews in the ghetto
with food and medicines. In 1944 she smuggled nine (9) Jews from
a nearby forced labor camp and put them in a large rabbit hutch.
They all survived. She was arrested with her mother in Drohobycz,
but as neither of them admitted of helping Jews, they were released.
After the war she married one of the men she saved, Moshe Blam, and went
with him to Israel in 1948. She converted to Judaism, founded
a synagogue and a Shelter Home at Bnej Brak. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BLICHARZ, Weronika, wife
BLICHERT, Jadwiga, wife
The Blicherts lived in Kovno,
Lithuania, and saved Elena (2) daughter of Frania and Abram Rezer.
Frania brought the baby asleep to a factory in a suitcase. Jadwiga
transported the baby in a basket, now awake and crying, and put it up with
her family in the countryside. After the war, as the parents had
perished in the ghetto, the couple adopted the girl and called her Halinka.
When at 15 she completed grammar school in Wroclaw, the Blicherts entrusted
her to a Jewish family leaving for Israel. Through advertisement
in the press Halinka found her uncles in the USA, who brought her to stay
with them. It is worth to note that the second wife of Antoni, Wladyslawa
Bankowski, and her sister Stanislawa Bankowski, mentioned here previously,
helped throughout this endeavor. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BLASZCZYK, Helena, see RAK,
BLASZCZYK, Stanislaw (1888-1955)
BLASZCZYK, Anastazja (1888-1961)
In November 1942 Bernard
and Zofia Kuniegis came to the Blaszczyks from the Warsaw ghetto.
Bernard returned to the Ghetto, but Zofia remained with them. They
procured for her the obligatory Kennkarte
on the basis of their daughter Zofia's birth certificate as she lived then
elsewhere, at Podkowa Lesna. Stanislaw found shelter for Bernard;
but when he tried to change it for another place, the Blue
him. The policeman took 20 American
dollars in gold to release Stanislaw. On the "Aryan" (Polish)
side there hid also the brother of Zofia Kuniegis with his wife and five months
old daughter Krystyna. When the parents perished, Stanislaw placed
the baby with friends in the countryside. The Kuniegis couple adopted
Krystyna and left Poland with her for Israel. See: Grynberg,
BLASZKOWSKI Jozefa, wife
BLOCH, Anna, (1875-)
With her daughter, Bronislawa
Lazowski, she harbored for 6 months at Radwan, near Cracow, Sabina Salomon
(76), two small children, Chawa and Henryk Amsterdam and Mrs. Margulis.
Jozef Kasprowicz brought this last by horse wagon beyond the Vistula River.
Nuns hid her in their convent and thus she was not discovered during a
German inspection. The second daughter of Anna Bloch , Zofia, hid
Jews in an unfinished house at Radwan and by nighttime brought food to
Jews in the forest of Dulcza Wielka, up to the war's end. Anna's
son, Jozef Bloch, with the help of his sister, Bronislawa, drove by horse
wagon Chawa and Henryk Amsterdam from Miedzyrzecze to Radwan, to their
father. The husband of Anna's granddaughter, Maria, named Marian
Strano organized false Catholic documents for three of his classmates,
who thus survived the war. Anna's grandson and Bronislawa's son,
Henryk Lazowski (1920-) helped Rose Hollander. He was arrested with
her, but released. She jumped from the train leading her to the concentration
camp. We have before us the depositions of Rose Hollander.
In that of March 12, 1991, she writes that Henryk brought to her father
staying in Cracow, 54 documents fro the Lesers, the Salomons and the Habers.
These permits, obtained by Rose in Tarnow, made possible to that many people
to leave Cracow legally for the relatively secure Radwan , where they stayed
for 16 months. Rose petitioned Yad Vashem to recognize as "Righteous"
Anna, her daughter Bronislawa Lazowski and Bronislawa's son Henryk, for
their disinterested help, as "no financial arrangements were made or promised"
as she tells. From all these people mentioned above only Anna got
her recognition in 1997. The Case 8068 was started in 1993.
Henryk Lazowski relates
a story well known in the entire area of Zdzary, commune Radgoszcz, district
of Dabrowa Tarnowska. In 1944 some German, requisitioning hay for
their horses, found in a barn two Jews hiding there since 1942. They
killed them, as well as the owner and the owner's wife. She being
pregnant, started to give birth to the child. The neighbors forced
to cover the common grave, dug up the bodies the following night in order
to bury them in the cemetery. They found the newborn's body with
that of its parents. This story recalls the similar case of the Ulma
BLONSKI, Adela , wife
BLONSKI, Stanislaw, son
Maria prepared a shelter
at Czortkow (Tarnopol prov.) for Dr. Emil Rosencweig, whom she knew before
the war. First she concealed him at her mother's place, and then
she rented a room in an attic, in the center of the town. When the
Ukrainian police searched his room, they fortunately did not find him.
She escaped to Bobrka near Lvov, to stay with her family. Some good
people took care of Dr. Emil. They transported him in a clothes basket
and put him up with a worthy Ukrainian family. After the war the
two married. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BOBATOW, Bronislawa, wife
BOBATOW-STAATS, Irena, daughter
BOBATOW, Janusz, son
BOBEREK, Katarzyna, wife
BOBROWSKI, Maria, daughter
BOBROWSKI, Michal, son
BOBROWSKI, Stefan, son
BOBROWSKI, Helena (not related)
BOBROWSKI, Halina, daughter
BOBROWSKI, Maria, daughter
BOBROWSKI, Teresa, daughter
BOBROWSKI, Mieczyslaw (not
BOBROWSKI, Maria, wife
Mieczyslaw offered his flat
for meetings of the members of the left-wing Jewish movement ZOB, - Jewish
Fighting Organization. Some of them had fled to Cracow after the
failure of the Ghetto Uprising. Wladyslaw Wojcik (q.v.) and Jozef
Porczak cooperated with him. See: Bartoszewski & Lewin, op. cit.
BOCHENEK, Bronislaw (1912-1973)
BOCHENEK, Maria, born IWANSKI
Maria knew some Jews from
her university years in Lvov. She provided food to the family of
Dr. David Riesel and gave her birth certificate to Zuzanna Tennenbaum.
When she found herself in Warsaw, she had to use the birth certificate
of another person, changing her identity to that of Maria Jastrzebski.
Dr. Riesel with his wife and a six years old daughter, Felicja, also came
to Warsaw. Bronislaw organized for them false documents and finally
the Bocheneks took the entire family into their only room. When the
doctor with his wife left them, Maria found a place for the girl at a convent
on Kazimierzowska Street. Other Jews benefited also from their help,
e.g. Prof. Jozef Feldman, particularly wanted by Germans, as the author
of a book on Bismarck and Poland. He escaped to Lvov, then to Maria's
sister, at Stary Sambor, and finally to Warsaw, to the Bocheneks.
He died after the war. In total, they rescued seven (7) Jews.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BOCHENEK, Zofia, wife
BOCHENSKI, Marianna, wife
BOCHENSKI, Antoni, son
BOCHENSKI, Olga (not related)
see ZAWADZKI, O.
BOCIAN, Halina, wife
Zygmunt and Halina took in
a 12 years old Batia Freier, when her mother and elder sister fell in the
hands of the Gestapo. Batia was considered by all to be a cousin of
Halina. She stayed with the Bocian couple one year and a half, till
the end of the Warsaw Uprising (1944).
BOCON-KEDRA, Helena see KEDRA,
BOCZAR, Jadwiga Zofia (1916-)
Jadwiga Zofia completed her
law studies in Lvov. During the occupation she lived
in Warsaw. She helped
to extricate from the ghetto Stefania Rosenholc and her brother, a lawyer,
Aleksander. She took Stafania into her home. Fighting in the
Warsaw Uprising (1944) as a second lieutenant, she placed Stefania in a
hospital. Following the fall of the Uprising she got Stefania out
of the camp at Piastowo and both transferred to Chylice. After the
war the three resided together in Lodz, where Aleksander died. His
sister left Poland for France. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BOCZKOWSKI, Zofia, born
Zofia saved five years old
Hanna Podoszyn from imminent execution with a group of Jews, telling the
German officer in charge, that she knew her to be a Christian child.
She bribed him and returned the next day with faked documents, in spite
of her husband's objections. The couple kept already Hanna, and
another Jewish girl, Janka Stiglitz, both till the end of the war.
See: Paldiel, op. cit.
BODASZEWSKI, Maria, wife
They lived at Honoratowka,
Stanislawow prov. When Germans killed 2,000 Jews at
Rohatyn in 1942 and deported
another 1,000 to the Belzec concentration camp in 1943, the Wohl family,
Bertha, Herman and his brother Morris avoided deportation and took refuge
with Kazimierz and Maria. Fearing denunciation, they hid in a forest
where the Bodaszewskis provided them with food and necessities till the
end of the war. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
* BOGDANOWICZ, Anna
Wife of an anti-Semitic district
attorney of Kielce, she hired her friend, Sara Diller, as tutor to her
two sons, when staying in Jaslo near her mother. To save Sara from
the danger of deportation, both women traveled to Kielce, where Anna's
husband became mayor of the city. Although unable to keep Sara with
her, she took care of her in such a diligent way that it finally brought
about her arrest and deportation to Auschwitz, where she died from typhoid
fever. Another person, who died for Sara, was Dr. Julian Ney (q.v.).
Sara fled to Cracow, and then to Warsaw, and, as a Pole, crossed to Austria
and Switzerland. In Jerusalem, in 1985, Sara, in tears, recounted
her story to this researcher. See: Paldiel, op. cit. Anna was
the 1st out of 25 in alphabetical order, among the killed to be recognized
as "Righteous". She was mentioned here before in the list of "Those
Who Paid with Their Lives".
BOGDANOWICZ, Izabella, wife
BOGDANOWICZ, Czeslaw, son
In 1941 in Lituania all the
Jews were ordered to assembly into the ghettos. Benedykt Birgeriene
with his wife Stasy escaped from Kiejdany to the village Liptuny and found
refuge at the Bogdanowicz family. The couple built for them a special
hideout and took care of all their needs. The fugitives remained
with them during two years. The Bogdanowicz family was honored as
"Righteous" on Dec. 15, 1999 in Warsaw., according to the announcement
of the Israeli Embassy in Poland.
see KRUCAJ, Zenobia, mother
Janina offered shelter to
Aleksander Skotnicki, when he escaped from the Warsaw ghetto in May 1943.
She sheltered also Hersz Fenikstein, of whom she took care since 1935.
She helped him to go to Germany for work. Recognized as "Righteous"
in 1997 she was honored on May 1, 2000 in Warsaw as announced the Israeli
Embassy in Poland.
BOGUCKI, Andrzej, actor
BOGUCKI, Janina, wife, born-GODLEWSKI,
The Boguckis were friends of the brilliant Jewish pianist and composer Wladyslaw Szpilman (1911-2000). The pianist saw many harrowing events in the Warsaw ghetto. Forcibly prevented from boarding the train that was to take his family and other Jews to an undisclosed location, he fled and saved his life. He subsequently joined a detachment of Jews working outside of the ghetto and took part in supplying the ghetto with ammunition coming from the Polish underground. He met, among others, the leader of the Warsaw Philharmonic, Dworakowski, who showed him touching sympathy and dispelled any illusions about his family's fate. As Szpillman later explained: "Me certainty of death gave me the energy to save myself at the crucial moment". On Jan 13, 1943, he succeeded in leaving the ghetto for good and went, thanks to a certain Majorek, to the Boguckis' house where they awaited him anxiously. Many other Poles risked their lives to harbor him: Piotr Perkowski, head of the musicians opposing the German rule; the engineer Gebczynski and his wife; conductor Czeslaw Lewicki, who became his friend; Mrs. Malachowska; Zbigniew Jaworski, his wife Zofia, her mother, Mrs. Bobrownicka, and Zofia's sister-in-law, Helena Lewicka, whom he recalled as "the best and most sacrificing of women". Against all odds and incredible dangers he survived till winter hidden in a loft of a building partly destroyed by fire and surrounded by Germans. When he was nearly dying from thirst and hunger, he was discovered by a Catholic German officer, Captain Wilm Hosenfeld who, upon learning about his profession, asked him to play on the piano still remaining in the building. Szpillman played for him the Chopin's Nocturne in C minor, the same piece he played on Warsaw Radio on September 23, 1939, with the city already under bombardment. One can read all this in his beautifully written and gripping book: "The Pianist; the Extraordinary Story of One Man's Survival in Warsaw, 1939-1945". First published in 1946, it was the basis of Roman Polanski's award-winning film "The Pianist". From the dozens of people who risked their lives for him, beside the Bogucki couple possibly only Czeslaw Lewicki (q.v.) have been recognized, as his number follows immediately theirs in the same year 1978. See: Szpillman, op. cit. See also the article by Leszek Zebrowski published in a Polish weekly "Glos Polski" in Toronto of 16-22 October 2002 entitled: "Troche blizej prawdy". In it the author, from Poland, beside his opinions about the Polanski's film, cites important excerpts by Izaak Bashevis Singer and prof. Gunnar S. Paulsson, about Polish-Jewish relations.
BOGUCKI, Kazimierz (1897-)
Kazimierz lived in Lublin
with his wife Halina, where he was active in the underground and helped
Jews. They harbored till the end of the war a six years old girl
under the name of Regina Dziedzio. He sheltered also a young student,
Janina Czaplinski, and found her work in Zamosc which seemed safer.
Thus, after the war, she finished her studies in Warsaw. He helped
also Marek Kohn, sending him food and medicines to the ghetto. He
prepared for him a way of getting out, but Kohn could not make up his mind
to take advantage of that offer and died with his child there. See: Grynberg,
op. cit. His wife, Halina, is not recognized.
(another one, not related)
BOGUCKI, Jadwiga, wife
see KRYNSKI-BOGUSLAWSKI, S.
BOGUSZ, Karolina, wife
Helena lived at Mozycz, near
Lvov. Six (6) Jews found shelter in her attic: three Rotters, Szoszana
Mendel, her sister and Jan Jung. All survived the war. She
married one of the Rotters and went with him to Israel. See: Grynberg,
BOJANOWICZ, Kazimiera, wife
BOLAT-BIELAK, Jozefa see
BOLOTNOW, Alfred, son
BOMBA, Kazimiera, wife
BONCZAK, Maria, wife
BONCZAK, Zygmunt, Jozef's
BONCZAK, Jadwiga, wife
BORATYNSKI, Jozefa, wife
BOREK, Julian, son
BORKOWSKA, Anna, Sister,
She was the mother superior
of a small convent of Dominican Sisters at Kolonia Wilenska, near Vilna
(city now in Lithuania). She harbored a group of 17 young Jews who
were plotting an uprising in the ghetto. Among them were: Abraham
Suckerwer, Abe Kovner, Edek Boraks and Arie Wilner, whom she named "Jurek".
That convent saw the printing of the first manifesto in Nazi occupied Europe.
It was distributed in the ghetto on Jan. 1, 1942. Sister Anna, called
"Ima" (mother) gave them nuns' habits and wanted to accompany them in the
uprising. Abe Kovner persuaded her to rather procure them arms and
ammunition, which provision to the ghetto she organized. Other sisters
who helped her were: Sister Bernadeta, i.e. Julia Michrowska, Sister
Bertranda, Sister Cecylia, i.e. Maria Roszek, Sister Diana, i.e. Helena
Frackiewicz, Sister Imelda, i.e. Maria Neugebauer, Sister Jordana, i. e.
Maria Ostrejko, Sister Malgorzata, i e. Irena Adamek, Sister Stefania,
i.e. Stanislawa Bednarska. In March 1943 the Germans arrested the
superior, shut the convent and dispatched Sister Bertranda to a labor camp,
Perwejniszki, near Kovno. In 1984 Abe Kovner came from Israel and
presented Sister Borkowska with the award in the name of Yad Vashem, and
planted himself a tree in her honor in the Alley of the Just in Jerusalem.
See: Paldiel op cit. Grynberg, op. cit. (photograph) and Kaluski,
op. cit. None of the other Sisters was recognized.
BORKOWSKI, Maria, wife
BORUCINSKI, Zofia, wife
BORUCKI, Natalia, wife
BORUC, Teofila, wife
BORUC, Czeslaw, son
see HUSZCZ-BORUSINSKI, M.
BORYCHOWSKI, Ludwika, wife
Maria Borys was living alone
in Lvov. She hid in spring of 1944 the couple Tadeusz and Fryderyka
Rozanski with their two children, Aleksander and Anna, her neighbors, in
a small house on a lot of New Lvov. Michal and Anna Jadwiga Czyrny
(q.v.), for whom Maria was an aunt, harbored the Rozanskis before.
Yad Vashem recognized her with the Czyrnys in 1997. Case No. 7090a.
Cause started in1993.
BORYSIEWICZ, Aniela, sister
Aniela and Feliks lived at
Dokszyce. They helped Jews. The Germans killed their mother
for that. For about two years they concealed in their home Batya
Frydman-Pren, who survived the war and went to Israel. See: Grynberg,
BORYSOWICZ, Dr. Jerzy (1903-1980)
He provided much appreciated
help in the Jewish hospital for infectious diseases in Radom. Dr.
Dawid Wajnapel and Dr. Anna Gecow presented glowing depositions about his
courage and humanitarian attitude. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BORYSOWICZ, Wladyslawa, see
DROZDOWSKI, Stefania, mother
BOS-SIKORA, Edwarda see
SIKORA, Karolina, mother
BOZEK-NOWAK, Maria see NOWAK-BOZEK,
M. (not related to Stanislawa)
see SKRZYNSKI, Wlodzimierz & K., parents?
BRADLO, Szczepan (-1960)
BRADLO, Klara wife (-1953)
BRADLO, Antoni, son
BRADLO, Eugeniusz, son
BRADLO, Tadeusz, son
The family lived on a three-hectare
farm at Lubcza, Tarnow prov. Two Jews from Slotowa asked them for
shelter, for themselves and then for their families, as they had to leave
their previous hideout at the home of the peasant Ryba. Their families
consisted of six Bochners, three Reichers, Izrael Hamel, Abraham Einspruch,
Bochna and Beniamin Dereszewicz: sixteen (16) people all told. The
family and the fugitives built a dug out in which they spent over two years,
till the end of the war. Franciszka also helped, besides cooking
for all of them. Although poor, the family shared all they had with
the refugees for over two years. All survived the war and five of
them signed the deposition. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BRATOS, Jozefa, wife
BREJNA, Wladyslawa, wife
The Brejnas lived in Warsaw.
In 1942 they smuggled from the ghetto a five years old girl, Raszbaum-Hass,
entrusted to them by her aunt. In the Warsaw Uprising (1944) Boleslaw
and another son, Kazimierz, were killed. The girl stayed with them
till 1947, when her aunt who survived came for her. The Brejnas helped
also other Jews. They got a Kennkarte for Hinc under the name of Czajkowski and
for the couple Eisenman, under the names of Stefania and Julian Kepski.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BROCZEK, Jadwiga, wife
BROCZEK, Leonard, son (1914-)
Franciszek and his family
lived in the village of Wygnanka, Dubno prov. (city incorporated into the
Soviet Belorussia). They harbored a 10 years old girl, Sonia, an
orphan. After the war her aunt came for her. The Broczeks helped
also other Jews. In 1942 they took into their barn Arie Pietrykowski
and six (6) other Jews who spent 18 months till the end of the occupation
in a shelter built in the cellar. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BRODA, Helena (1913-) wife
Helena lived with her husband,
Adam, in the village of Majdan Kaweczynski, near Lublin. When the
Germans deported the Jews from Piaski in 1942 to the Belzec camp, there
came to them Szlome Akerstein with his fiancée, Celia Dreszer who
was ill. In 1943 a certain Fogel also joined them. Celia recovered
thanks to their good care and all three survived and left Poland, but maintain
contact with Helena. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
see KUBICZ-BRODOWSKI, H.
BRODZIAK, Wladyslaw (1912-1944)
BRODZIAK, Anastazja (1915-)
The Brodziaks resided in
Warsaw and were active in the underground. They kept the engineer
Hunko in their apartment, but he had to leave them because of a suspicious
janitor. In the spring of 1943 they gave refuge to Henryk K. and
his wife Karolina. Thanks to Wladyslaw's efforts, Henryk got work
at the post office. In the fall of the same year they took in Zofia
Jaworska with her small son Jerzy, and frequently harbored her husband,
Michal. They kept them till the fall of the Warsaw Uprising.
All survived, except Wladyslaw, killed in the Uprising. See: Grynberg,
BRON, Wanda, wife
BRON, Alina, Wanda's sister
BRON-GUMULKA, Irena, Zygmunt's
BRONIC-KUSTAL, Anna see
see KURKOWSKI-BRONIK, M.
Zofia see RYSZEWSKI, Henryk & I. parents?
BRUST, Aniela, wife
BRUST, Lucyna, wife (the
five Brusts are related)
She lived with her husband
and two children in Cracow. From January 1941 she harbored in her
apartment or in her husband's family home at Wrzasowiec, a young woman,
Genowefa Rapaport, knowing that she was Jewish. Genowefa's false "Kennkarte"
name was Rakowski. She was thus able to survive the war. See:
Grynberg, op. cit. Her husband is not recognized
BRYG-JOB, Izabela see JOB,
Jozef & Wiktoria, parents?
Anna see CZETWERTYNSKI, Witold & Julia, parents?
* BRYS, Johan
A railwayman from Sosnowiec
helped several Jews to cross the border through the Tatra Mountains to
Hungary, for which he was dispatched to Auschwitz. He did not return
from it. Posthumously recognized as the 2nd "Righteous Among the
Nations", he was mentioned here in the list of "Those Who Paid with Their
BRZEZINSKI, Maria, wife
BRZOSTEK, Krystyna, wife
BRZOZOWICZ, Maria, daughter
BRZOZOWICZ, Olga, daughter
Kazimierz befriended Tadeusz
Wolpert in the years 1941-1942, when both worked in a machine factory near
Warsaw. Kazimierz took care of Tadeusz in all respects. He
found also a shelter for his mother, Regina, who managed to flee from the
ghetto. Thanks to him both survived the war. Kazimierz was
honored as "Righteous" on Dec. 15, 1999 in Warsaw and was present to receive
his medal and diploma himself.
BRZYSZCZ, Katarzyna, wife
The couple lived at Czajkow
Polnocny, a village of Tarnobrzeg prov., with their two small children,
Henryk and Krystyna. They hid several Jews: two women, Regina and
Aleksandra F. and their young nephew Aleksander E. According to the
statement of Regina F., the basement was very dark and food was brought
to them always at night with utmost caution. We learned from a letter
of Irena D. that one day some armed men invaded their home, Germans or
same kind of partisans. They put the barrel of their pistols to the
head of the parents and children, ordering them to tell where they hid
the Jews. Katarzyna fell on her knees swearing by the image of the
Holy Virgin Mary on the wall, that they do not keep any Jews. For
that simple pious woman it must have been a terrible sacrilege, but she
committed it in order to save human beings. Nobody admitted to the
presence of the Jews and the search did not reveal them. The three
fugitives transferred later to the homes of other villagers, to the Dyl
family, also recognized as "Righteous". The Brzyszcz couple was recognized
as "Righteous" by a Yad Vashem letter, dated Sep. 5, 1996. Case No.
Janina Bukolski was a psychologist,
wife of a university professor of the Lodz Polytechnic and later a professor
at Lodz herself. During the occupation she devoted her life to saving
Jews. Her office on Miodowa Street in Warsaw where she worked as
a registered translator, became one of the central conspiratorial offices
of the Jewish National Committee. Here "Aryan" documents were stored
and distributed; here hundreds of Jews received financial assistance, provided
by the Warsaw Delegate of the Polish Government-in-Exile in London; here
were exchanged the most important secrets about the rescue of Jews.
In Janina, Jews found the most sympathetic and careful consideration, encouragement
and hope. See: Bartoszewski & Lewin, op. cit. and her own account,
pp. 88-99 in Smolski, Wladyslaw; "Za to Grozila Smierc; Polacy z Pomoca
Zydom w Czasie Okupacji" (The price was death.). [Warszawa] PAX, 1981.
BUCZEK, Sabina, wife
BUCZKOWSKI, Karol (1904-)
He resided at Kamionka Strumilowa
(a place incorporated into the Soviet Russia). Otto Reinisz, a lawyer,
found refuge in his house until the end of the occupation. See:
Grynberg, op. cit.
BUDAL-SOLARZ, Zofia see SOLARZ,
Franciszek & Wiktoria, parents
Agnieszka was a housekeeper
for a German policeman in Siedlce. She harbored in the attic six
(6) Jews until the end of the occupation. After the war she married
Izrael Widerszal and left with him for Israel. See: Grynberg, op.
Piotr lived on a farm at Kaczanowka,
Tarnopol prov. He extricated from the ghetto three Helrajch children:
Adela, Estera and Zeew and kept them for 18 months. When the last
two fell ill with typhoid fever, he took them to the forest and took care
of them there, but he himself caught typhus and got meningitis. All
survived. After the war he married Adela and left with her for Israel.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
born KLESK see STAWARZ-BUGAJSKI, J.
see BUCHHOLTZ-BUKOLSKI. J.
BUKOWINSKI, Jadwiga wife
BUKOWSKI, Waclawa, wife
BUKSA, Rozalia see NATKANIEC,
Piotr & Anna, parents
BULIK, Jozefa, wife
BULIK, Ignacy, son
BULIK, Wanda, daughter
BULSKI, Kazimiera, wife
BURAKOWSKI, Alicja Dr.
BURCHACKI, Stefan (1908-1948)
BURCHACKI, Helena, (1907-1992)
Having lived before the war
in Radzymin, near Warsaw, Stefan befriended many Jews, so they could always
count on his help when he moved to Warsaw. Some Jews spent a night,
others several weeks in the Burchacki's two rooms. He smuggled Jerzy
Klajnbard, a hairdresser, from the Izabelin labor camp, got him a "Kennkarte"
as well as work in his profession. He also brought to Warsaw his
two sisters, Roza and Sabina. The Burchackis had two small sons and
a lodger who blackmailed them and in spite of that they helped Wanda Elster,
Izak Goldman and his wife Sara, Rachela Jonisz, Adam Kerler, Szoszana Kosower,
Roza Szafran, Leon Wajnstein. See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BURDA, Elzbieta see SZYSZKIEWICZ-BURDA,
BURKO, Andrzej (1909-)
BURKO, Hanna wife
The Burko couple lived at
Dublany, near Sambor. When the persecution of Jews started, they
brought food to those who tried to escape. They also hid the following
persons in the loft of their house: Wita Weingarten, Natan and Moszko
Stulbach, and Icek Somme. All survived. See: Grynberg, op.
BURLINGIS, Wiktoria, wife
BURZMINSKI, Stefania see
PODGORSKI, Stefania and Helena
see ZALEWSKI, Jozef & Jadwiga, parents
As a midwife in Praga (a
suburb of Warsaw) she assisted Jewish women who gave birth in her own apartment,
outside of the hospital. See: Smolski, op.cit.
BUSZKO-CIOSMAK, Anna see
BUTKIEWICZ, Jadwiga, wife
BUZA, Tadeusz (1911-)
As a tram conductor in Warsaw,
he brought food to the ghetto when driving through it, as did many of his
colleagues. He took into his apartment a fugitive from Lvov, Leon
Schachter. When the neighbors became suspicious, he put him up with
some acquaintances and took care of him till the end of the occupation.
See: Grynberg, op. cit.
BYKOWSKI, Wladyslawa, wife
BYKOWSKI, Halina, daughter
BYKOWSKI, Henryka. daughter
BYKOWSKI, Stanislaw, son
BYKOWSKI, Krystyna, Sister,
see STRUSZYNSKI, Zygmunt & Dr. W., parents?